Birds Species

Buff-bellied Hermit History and 5 Best Facts

Buff-bellied Hermit

The Buff-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis subochraceus) is a species of bird in the family Trochilidae, hummingbirds. It is found in Bolivia and Brazil.


The Buff-bellied Hermit is closely related to the sooty-capped hermit (P. agosti) and the planalto hermit (P. pretari). It is monotypic.

The buff-bellied hermit is 11 to 12 cm (4.3 to 4.7 in) long and weighs 3.5 to 4 g (0.12 to 0.14 oz). It is metallic green on top and gray on the bottom. The innermost pair of tail feathers is longer than the others and all have white tips.

Read More: Buff-tailed sicklebill


The buff-bellied hermit is found in the eastern Andean foothills of Bolivia in the southern Beni to eastern Santa Cruz departments and the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul. It has also been recorded as a vagrant in Paraguay. It inhabits the understory of a variety of landscapes including deciduous and semi-deciduous forest, secondary forest, open woodland, and scrub. It ranges from 150 to 800 meters (490 to 2,600 ft) in elevation.

Feed and Breeding

Buff-bellied hermits feed on nectar from a wide variety of flowers and small arthropods.The breeding season of the Buff-bellied Hermit has not been precisely determined, but observations suggest that it occurs during the wet season from November to April. The men are gathered in Lex. Nest is not specified.

A male duck sings perched on a metal pole, neck outstretched and beak open.

To sound

Buff-bellied Hermit
Buff-bellied Hermit

The Buff Bald Hermit’s song is “a continuously repeated high-pitched phrase … a short note followed by a rise … or a short note followed by a fall ‘tsi-tsew’ is more complex.” till” tsi-tsi-tseeé-euw’


The IUCN assesses the buff-bellied hermit as Least Concern, although its population size is unknown and believed to be declining. It is locally common but is overly known, and should probably be classified as data deficient.

Cool Facts of Buff-bellied Hermit

Buff-billed hermits exhibit threefold breeding behavior – visiting a regular circuit of productive flowers. One person can defend this trap line area.

To reduce heat loss overnight, these hermits fluff out their plumage to trap a layer of air against their bodies.

Dominant males will drive competitors out of their breeding territory in high-speed chase flights.

 The long bill of this species helps it steal nectar from flowers with long corollas. This is called “rubbing” and often damages the flower.