There are various types of desert birds. These birds live in harsh conditions in the many deserts found across the globe. On average, these regions have high temperatures, extremely little water and scanty food supply. Therefore, they have evolved a number of features that enable them to survive such testing times.
Major adaptations include:

Water preserving (conservation): A lot of desert-dwelling feathered creatures are good at saving water. Some feed on their prey’s body fluids while others can drink salty water which is toxic to other animals.

Heat regulation: There are several ways that desert birds keep their bodies’ temperature within limits. For instance, some prefer to be active during twilight hours when it is cooler thereby avoiding extreme temperatures during the middle of the day (known as crepuscular behaviour). Others possess special feathers or habits that assist in reflecting sunlight away and reducing heat absorption.

Feeding tactics: Since food is limited, these birds use different feeding methods so as to best utilize the available resources. Some eat both plants and small insects while others may specialize on particular type of ants, seeds etc What strategy they adopt hinges on which part of the world they inhabit.

Habits of nesting: To protect their young ones from this extreme environment desert birds resort to peculiar breeding habits. A few species make burrows below ground for breeding purposes and others seek refuge under cacti or rocky outcrops so as not to expose their offspring to heat and enemies.

Desert Birds

List of Desert Birds

American Kestrel
 Cactus Wren
Ferruginous Hawk
 Inca Dove Osprey 
American White Pelican
 Canyon Wren
Ferruginous Pygmy Owl
Indigo Bunting
 Pallid Swift 
Anna’s Hummingbird
 Common Ostrich
Gambel’s Quail
Inyo California Towhee
Ash-throated Flycatcher
 Common Raven
Gila Woodpecker
Ladder-backed Woodpecker
Pharoah Eagle-owl
Broad-billed Hummingbird
 Cooper’s Hawk
Gilded Flicker
LeConte’s Thrasher
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse
Brown Pelican
 Costa’s HummingbirdGolden Eagle 
Lesser Goldfinch
 Pinyon Jay 
Brown-crested Flycatcher
 Cream-colored Courser
Great Horned Owl
Lesser Nighthawk
 Purple Martin 
Brown-necked Raven
 Crowned Sandgrouse
Great Reed Warbler
Lucifer Hummingbird
Burrowing Owl
 Curve-billed Thrasher
Greater Roadrunner
 Marsh Hawk Scott’s Oriole 
Bearded Vulture
 Desert Sparrow
Great-tailed Grackle
Mourning Dove
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Bendire’s Thrasher
 Egyptian Nightjar
Harris’s Hawk
Northern Cardinal
 Steller’s Jay 
Black-chinned Hummingbird
 Egyptian VultureHouse Finch 
Northern Flicker
Swainson’s Hawk
Black-throated Sparrow
 Elf Owl
House Sparrow
Northern Goshawk
 White-crowned Sparrow 
Verdin Eurasian Bittern
Red-tailed Hawk
Northern Harrier
White-crowned Wheatear
Vermilion Flycatcher
 European Starling
Rosy-faced Lovebird
Northern Mockingbird
White-winged Dove
Transvolcanic Jay
 Turkey Vulture
Tristram’s Warbler
Western Kingbird
Western Screech-owl
     Yellow-billed Stork 
Western Scrub-jay