Birds Species

Minute Hermit History and 5 Best Facts

Minute Hermit History

The Minute Hermit (Phaethornis idaliae) is a small species of bird hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is endemic to Brazil.

Taxonomy and systematics

The Minute Hermit was for a time considered conspecific with the lesser hermit (P. longuemareus) and is now considered a superspecies. It is monotypic.


This Hermit is one of the smallest birds in the world. It is 8.4 to 9.2 cm (3.3 to 3.6 in) long and weighs 1.8 to 2.7 g (0.06 to 0.10 oz). The upperparts of the male are dark green and the throat is brown. The underparts of females are reddish-orange. 

Also Read: Bronzy hermit

Distribution and accommodation

The Minute hermit is found in southeastern Brazil from roughly Bahia south to the state of Rio de Janeiro. It inhabits the understory of primary or lightly disturbed forests, including their edges, and mature secondary forests and forest islands. The Minute hermit is considered ridiculous.

To sound

The hermit’s minute song is “a high-pitched note repeated 3-4 times, followed by a sharp descending warble” sung by a low part.

Cool Facts of Minute Hermit

1. It is recorded in eucalyptus groves near his favorite residence. It ranges up to 500 meters (1,600 ft) above sea level in elevation.

2. The Minute hermit’s breeding season extends from October to February. Men show women on Lex. 

3. Its nest is an open cup hanging from the underside of a drooping leaf. A clutch of two eggs is incubated only by the female.

4. Both sexes have a black “mask” and yellow supercilium and mylar stripe.

5. The Minute hermit is a “trapline” feeder like other hermit hummingbirds, visiting a circuit of flowering plants for nectar. It also eats small arthropods.


The IUCN lists the minute hermit as Least Concern, although its population size is unknown and believed to be declining.[1] It has a very limited range in the Atlantic Forest. is a habitat that has been almost completely deforested. It occurs in a few protected areas.